Strengths and weaknesses of aversion therapy essay

Alexander Nevsky in the Golden Horde. After the fall of the Khazars in the 10th century, the middle Volga came to be dominated by the mercantile state of Volga Bulgariathe last vestige of Greater Bulgaria centered at Phanagoria.

Strengths and weaknesses of aversion therapy essay

Posted on April 19, by Scott Alexander That story about the blockchain-based dating site gets better: For example, from the MCTB review: If you really, really examine your phenomenological experience, you realize all sorts of surprising things…one early insight is a perception of your mental awareness of a phenomenon as separate from your perception of that phenomenon.

The real process of meditation is paying real close attention to what is happening around you without passing it to the mind immediately for analysis…the mind becomes perceived to be another sense.

You see, you listen, you hear, you smell, you think. From the MCTB review: The main point of [mindfulness] meditation is to improve your concentration ability so you can direct it to ordinary experience.

Become so good at concentrating that you can attain various jhanas — but then, instead of focusing on infinite bliss or whatever other cool things you can do with your new talent, look at a wall or listen to the breeze or just try to understand the experience of existing in time.

Building the instrumentation to keep your consciousness stable enough to put the attention on the thing, is about three or four years work. It takes years to grind a perfectly smooth reflector.

Then you silver coat it.

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Then you point it at the sky and now you can see the moons of Jupiter. It takes you years to design the microscope, you look into the water, now you can see the microbes and you just discovered germ theory. Building the instrumentation takes time.

Years and years and years because you need long periods — 35, 40 seconds minimally — when there are no thoughts in the mind to be able to begin to turn the awareness onto itself.

So lengthening the gap between thoughts means lowering the mental background noise. There are lots of these matches. The weird thing is — everyone who opens up the big door and looks out into the magical Universe where all the cosmic shit lives, sees something different.

The purpose of religions is to enforce conformity on the mythology that floods your brain once you open up the cosmic forces.

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If you are a strict moslem and you experience your enlightenment in a moslem context, the mystical model of the world that gets slammed into your head when you finally look at the Universe in that way, will be in conformity with the dominant culture around you at the time.

This is part of the reason that everything in Western culture went nuts when they discovered LSD, because you had all these people experiencing enlightenment outside of the conformity of the church. So rather than becoming Saint Ignatius of Loyola, you wound up as acid-crazed Bill.

My name is Ken Wilbur. Where the hell did that come from? He made it up and then told you it was cosmic law. Just like all the others did. This is how it really works. Later in the session, a questioner asked: You talked about some beautiful abstractions.

Every individual who goes up there sees the same shit, more or less. And then you come back down and try and tell people about it in language, and you wind up building a model that you use to communicate. That is exactly correct. I read Ingram, and I read Gupta, and they seem to be saying broadly the same stuff, and it appeals to me, and seems to fit with what I already know of the world, and gets me thinking that all this enlightenment stuff is starting to make sense.

Archives and past articles from the Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia Daily News, and srmvision.com A reader writes: I am a year old in need of serious job advice. I have short work histories with previous employers (10 or more in 7 years). The longest I’ve worked for a company has been about year and a half: Dairy Queen when I was working in high school. I would guess the progressive paradox of intelligence being nurture not nature is the strong linking of intelligence, education, and morality in their world view.

One possible escape from total relativism: The description of what meditation is doing. The distinction between samatha and vipassana meditation.

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Maybe we should reframe it as talking about two different parts of the brain? Other channels, like pain, are low bandwidth. This is why the placebo effect works — we get so little data about how much pain is coming from different parts of our bodies that even our strongest percepts are wild guesses, where we fill in the gaps with predictions and smooth away conflicting evidence.

If our predictions change — ie we know we just got morphine and morphine lowers pain — then the brain will happily change its guesses.

Most people revert to their priors — the beliefs of their tribe or the ones that fit their common sense — and you have to provide an overwhelming amount of rational evidence before the brain notices anything amiss at all. It sounds like, in this model, enlightenment is effectively super-low-bandwidth.

But Gupta seems to be saying that you will see it exactly as you have been conditioned to see it. This is a pretty agnostic in the sense of non-knowledge-claiming description of what enlightenment is.

Other interesting excerpts from Gupta:I would guess the progressive paradox of intelligence being nurture not nature is the strong linking of intelligence, education, and morality in their world view. The History of Russia begins with that of the East Slavs and the Finno-Ugric peoples. The traditional beginning of Russian history is the establishment of Kievan Rus', the first united Eastern Slavic state, in The state adopted Christianity from the Byzantine Empire in , beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Orthodox Slavic culture for the next millennium.

Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback. Strengths *Many cancer patients who undergo chemotherapy that nauseate them develop food aversions.

As a result, they suffer a loss of appetite and malnutrition. Essay on The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Therapist. by W.

Strengths and weaknesses of aversion therapy essay

W. Meissner. From the Jason Aronson Collection.

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Without question the most important ingredient in the therapeutic matrix is the therapist himself. Welcome to The All About Psychology Book of The Month page.

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