Supporting positive relationships for children and This review explores the growing emphasis being placed on the relationships of children and young people in care. Why the focus on relationships? There has been a growing focus on the relationships of children and young people in care.
Supporting positive relationships for children and This review explores the growing emphasis being placed on the relationships Positive relationships during periods of transition children and young people in care.
Why the focus on relationships? There has been a growing focus on the relationships of children and young people in care. This emphasis stems from a number of developments.
Firstly, there have been several investigations into the deaths of children living at home that are known to social services. These highlight common themes. One of these themes is a concern that professionals do not create or take opportunities to speak with children, to see them alone or to form meaningful relationships with them Laming,; Ofsted, Related to this, recent research Broadhurst et al,a has highlighted the tendency of professionals within child protection systems to be overly reliant on bureaucratic, procedural requirements which, in the context of busy caseloads, compromise the ability of social workers to develop relationships with children and young people.
Secondly, in relation to children and young people living in local authority care, a number of reviews have highlighted the vulnerability of children and young people to exploitative and abusive relationships Lerpiniere et al, Thirdly, a number of consultations conducted with children and young people in care have shown that they have a strong desire for better relationships with their social workers but opportunities for this are currently limited What Makes The Difference, ; Siebelt et al, ; Morgan, ; Care Inquiry, Fourthly, research regarding young people leaving care has consistently demonstrated the importance of positive relationships in helping them manage this challenging transition process Morgan, The relationships of children and young people at different stages of their journey into, through and transitioning out of care is an issue of particular concern because it is clear that children and young people coming into care have been exposed to abuse, neglect and harm.
A key process in helping them come to terms with their experiences is the development and experience of trusting, stable and nurturing relationships Happer et al, ; Munro, ; Care Inquiry, Professionals are obligated as duty bearers, to enable children to claim these and other related rights McRae, There is, therefore, a growing body of evidence to suggest that more attention needs to be paid to the development of high quality relationships between professionals, children, young people and their families.
Serious case reviews and child abuse inquires highlight how crucial it is that teachers, health visitors, the police and social workers all share responsibility for developing meaningful relationships with children with whom they work DfE, ; Children and Young People Scotland Act It is within this context that there has been a growing emphasis on the shared responsibility for safeguarding children and young people and a resurgence of interest in the centrality of relationship within government-commissioned reports across the UK Happer et al, ; SWIA, ; SSIA, ; DCSF, ; Devaney et al, This indicates that relationships should be at the heart of the care system.
What types of relationships are important and for what reasons?
Children and young people have indicated that it is not just relationships with professionals including teachers and health professionals for example that are important, but that there is a range of other people with whom they network and from whom they derive support.
These include caregivers foster carers, residential social workers, social workers, and respite care providersmentors, youth workers, befrienders, peers and birth family especially siblings Holland and Crowley, Often, relationships are thought of in terms of their quantity, blood tie, family form and frequency of contact.
Far more important than any of these is the quality. There is some research to indicate, for example, that the presence in the life of a child or young person of one stable, significant adult is as important as a multiplicity of relationships Singer et al, Some research has identified that characteristics associated with high quality relationships relate to the functions they perform - informational guidance and advice ; instrumental giving resources including time, money, access to services ; emotional support companionship, affection, trust ; and appraisal enhancement of self-worth Singer et al, An important and often overlooked aspect to the quality of relationships is having opportunities to experience affection and the development of intimate knowledge relationships Morgan, ; Holland and Crowley, ; Ridley et al, From the perspective of children and young people, quality is sometimes associated with the length of time they have known the professional Schofield and Stevenson, Other research indicates that children and young people value relationships with professionals, and in particular social workers, who: These views are in contrast with the views of social workers who often underestimate the significance of their relationships.
In so doing, they fail to acknowledge how important they themselves are to children and young people. For example, it is often the social worker who is the only link between the past family life of the child and the new life they are now building in care Winter, Why are high quality relationships beneficial?
It is argued that the experience of positive, safe and stable relationships helps children and young people build secure attachments, develop self-confidence, self-esteem and self-reliance and contributes to a strong sense of identity and belonging Fahlberg,; Ryan, ; Care Inquiry, Furthermore, it follows that with these foundations in place, children and young people are afforded the best chance to secure positive long-term outcomes in education, health and overall well being Happer et al, ; Siebelt et al, ; DCSF, ; Ryan, From the perspective of children and young people, stable, significant relationships are beneficial as they provide someone to turn to at points of crisis and change, they provide encouragement and guidance and they provide endorsement at key life events such as graduation or marriage Singer et al, Such relationships, therefore, perform an important role in identity formation, particularly when children cannot return home Neill and Howe, ; Schofield and Stevenson, ; Winter, What are the barriers?
We hear a lot about how difficult it is for professionals and children and young people to build and maintain high quality relationships with each other.A transition is the process of change from one state of life to another.
They may be exciting or unpleasant for children and young people. It is often believed if the child has positive relationships, the periods of transition can be easier. The effect of having positive relationships during periods of transmission When experiencing changes is their lives, children need the support of the adults surrounding them .
Positive Relationships. Babies and young children learn to be strong and independent through loving and secure relationships with parents and carers and other family members such as grandparents.
A transition is the process of change from one state of life to another. They may be exciting or unpleasant for children and young people. It is often believed if the child has positive relationships, the periods of transition can be easier. Unit 5. 1&5.
2 Explain the different types of transitions can affect children’s development and evaluate the effectiveness of positive relationships during periods of transitions.
Transitions are the movement or changes from one position, stage or state to another. Transition Effect on Children and Young People of having positive adult relationships during periods of transition Babies Weaning Crawling to Walking Nappies to Toilet When weaning the adult can help the child by using a calm and soothing voice, a.