Biography Early life and background Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi  was born on 2 October  into a Gujarati Hindu Modh Baniya family  in Porbandar also known as Sudamapuria coastal town on the Kathiawar Peninsula and then part of the small princely state of Porbandar in the Kathiawar Agency of the Indian Empire. His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi —served as the diwan chief minister of Porbandar state. His first two wives died young, after each had given birth to a daughter, and his third marriage was childless.
Citizens were forced to buy the vital mineral from the British, who, in addition to exercising a monopoly over the manufacture and sale of salt, also exerted a heavy salt tax.
Defying the Salt Acts, Gandhi reasoned, would be an ingeniously simple way for many Indians to break a British law nonviolently.
He declared resistance to British salt policies to be the unifying theme for his new campaign of satyagraha, or mass civil disobedience. There, Gandhi and his supporters were to defy British policy by making salt from seawater.
All along the way, Gandhi addressed large crowds, and with each passing day an increasing number of people joined the salt satyagraha. By the time they reached Dandi on April 5, Gandhi was at the head of a crowd of tens of thousands. Gandhi spoke and led prayers and early the next morning walked down to the sea to make salt.
He had planned to work the salt flats on the beach, encrusted with crystallized sea salt at every high tide, but the police had forestalled him by crushing the salt deposits into the mud. Nevertheless, Gandhi reached down and picked up a small lump of natural salt out of the mud—and British law had been defied.
At Dandi, thousands more followed his lead, and in the coastal cities of Bombay and Karachi, Indian nationalists led crowds of citizens in making salt. Civil disobedience broke out all across India, soon involving millions of Indians, and British authorities arrested more than 60, people.
Gandhi himself was arrested on May 5, but the satyagraha continued without him.Ahimsa or Non-violence: Mahatma Gandhi was the exponent of the cult of Ahimsa or Non-violence. Like the Buddha, Christ and Chaitanya he too believed in the ultimate victory of Non-violence over violence.
Force or violence, according to him, is madness which cannot sustain. Johnson, who had recently traveled to India, spoke about the life and teachings of Mohandas K. Gandhi.
Gandhi, King later wrote, was the first person to transform Christian . On March 12, , Indian independence leader Mohandas Gandhi begins a defiant march to the sea in protest of the British monopoly on salt, his boldest act of civil disobedience yet against.
This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S. justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the antiwar movement, with a separate section on protest songs.
Gandhi on Nonviolent Protest Mohandas K.
Gandhi 1 OVERVIEW Mohandas Gandhi, leader of India’s nonviolent movement for self-government, delivered the following statement in court in to explain why he and his followers campaigned to end British colonial rule in India. Gandhi explains his nonviolent tactics of civil disobedience.
books, articles, video on peace, nonviolence and conflict resolution by gandhian way PEACE, NON-VIOLENCE AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION Indian Nonviolent Movements led by Mahatma Gandhi () Chilean Student Protests ().