An eating disorder is marked by extremes. It is present when a person experiences severe disturbances in eating behavior, such as extreme reduction of food intake or extreme overeating, or feelings of extreme distress or concern about body weight or shape.
The portrayal Of thin models on TV and in magazines is a significant contributory factor in body image concerns and the drive for thinness among Western adolescent girls. Jones and Bucking found people with low self-esteem are more likely to compare themselves to idealized images portrayed in the media.
Garner et al noted that the winners of Miss America and the centerfolds in Playboy magazine have consistently been below the average female weight and have become significantly more so since Thus the slender female perceived as being the cultural ideal might be one cause of the fear of being fat.
A study by Becker of adolescent Fijian girls found that after the introduction of television to the island, these girls stated a desire to lose weight and to b like the women they saw on Western television; this lead to a significant increase in eating disorders over five years.
Other research has shown that instructional intervention prior to media exposure to idealized female imaged prevents the adverse effects of media influences Yamaha et al. This suggests that the media can and does have an effect on the development of disordered eating and AN, but these effects can be avoided.
Another psychological approach used to explain AN is the psychodrama approach. This sees AN as an attempt by adolescents to separate themselves from their patents and establish their own identities. Children of ineffective parents grow up confused about their internal needs and become overly reliant on their parents.
Thinness and starvation are signs Of self-control and independence. Munich et al suggest that girls use the control over their bodies to divert attention from other family patterns. They suggest that families of anorexics have one of the following problems: This supports the claim that children of ineffective parents become overly reliant on their parents to identify their needs.
Button and Warren examined a group of AN sufferers seven years after they were diagnosed with the disorder. These individuals relied excessively on the opinions of others and felt a lack of control over their lives. However, even within the psychodrama approach, other suggestions have been put forward as to the potential explanations for anorexia.
For example, Wonderland argued that sexual abuse during holding is a cause of anorexia during adolescence, although these are issues with the validity of retrospective data and it is also hard to distinguish a causal relationship between childhood sexual abuse and the development of AN.
Another psychodrama approach suggests that the two personality traits perfectionism and impulsiveness are commonly associated with AN. A major problem with psychological approaches is that, although they give a full explanation of AN in their own terms, they completely ignore the biological approach or any possibility that the two could work together as a form of diathesis stress model.The biological explanation for Anorexia Nervosa focuses on the role of neurotransmitters.
It suggests disturbances in the levels of serotonin and dopamines are characteristic of anorexia. Biological explanations for anorexia nervosa Biological explanations for anorexia nervosa include neural explanations and evolutionary explanations.
1st BIOLOGICAL EXPLANATION - Neurotransmitters-Serotonin Disturbances in the levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin appear to be a characteristic of individuals with eating .
Read Anorexia Nervosa as a Life-Threatening Disorder free essay and over 88, other research documents. Anorexia Nervosa as a Life-Threatening Disorder.
Anorexia Nervosa As a Life-Threatening Disorder Anorexia Nervosa is a disease that should not be handled lightly. Biological explanations for anorexia nervosa Biological explanations for anorexia nervosa include neural explanations and evolutionary explanations. 1st BIOLOGICAL EXPLANATION - Neurotransmitters-Serotonin Disturbances in the levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin appear to be a characteristic of individuals with eating disorders.
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a chronic psychiatric disease with a high mortality rate. In Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM), anorexia is a condition in which anorexic patients lose appetite due to. Explanation Of The Differences Between Anorexia And Bulimia.
While the primary feature of both anorexia and bulimia is an obsession with being thin, an anorexic is often noticeable thinner than a bulimic who may be maintaining a healthy weight.