Traffic problems by Mehwish AhmedLast Updated April 11, With the increasing population the problem of traffic control has become very acute in almost all the big cities in Pakistan.
Received Sep 19; Accepted Mar 5.
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Subjects and methods The problems presented in the article are criminalisation, paternalism, privacy, justice and responsibility, and the reasons for choosing these are the following. First, they are all important areas in moral philosophy. Second, they are fairly general and it should be possible to categorise more specific problems under these headings.
Ethical aspects of road traffic have not received the philosophical attention they deserve. Every year, more than 1 million people die globally in traffic accidents, and 20 to 50 million people are injured.
Ninety per cent of the road traffic fatalities occur in low- and middle-income countries, where it is a growing problem. Politics, economics, culture and technology affect the number of fatalities and injuries, and the measures used to combat deaths in traffic as well as the role of road traffic should be ethically scrutinised.
The topics are analysed and discussed from a moral-philosophical perspective, and the discussion includes both theory and applications.
Results and conclusion The author concludes with some thoughts on how the ethical discussion can be included in the public debate on how to save lives in road traffic.
People in industrialised societies are so used to road traffic that it is almost seen as part of nature. Consequently, we do not acknowledge that we can introduce change and that we can affect the role we have given road traffic and cars.
By acknowledging the ethical aspects of road traffic and illuminating the way the choices society makes are ethically charged, it becomes clear that there are alternative ways to design the road traffic system. The most important general conclusion is that discussion concerning these alternative ways of designing the system should be encouraged.
Every year, more than 1 million people die globally in road crashes, and 20 to 50 million people are injured. Road traffic accidents are the ninth leading cause of disease in the world Peden et al.
In spite of the gravity of the problem of traffic fatalities, it is seldom discussed as an ethical problem or as giving rise to ethical questions.
It is the aim of this paper to provide a general overview of ethical aspects of traffic safety, the focus being on the fatalities and injuries road traffic causes and some major ethical aspects of the measures used to save lives. The main purpose is to show that just as transportation is analysed and discussed from economic, technological, political and geographical perspectives, its ethical dimensions should be thoroughly and continuously analysed and discussed.
In transportation as well as in health care, people die and are prevented from dying due to actions and omissions of individuals as well as functioning and dysfunctional systems and policies.
Accordingly, a continuous ethical discussion concerning road traffic is needed.
The areas discussed in the following are criminalisation, paternalism, privacy, justice and responsibility. Criminalisation In the intersection between law and moral philosophy the question arises of what acts should be considered criminal and in need of punishment.
Obviously there are a number of acts in road traffic that are criminalised, and there is a constant discussion in many societies about which acts should be punished and how. There are two major philosophical perspectives on punishment: The law and public debates about law are often a mix of these two perspectives, and this is the case when it comes to traffic legislation.
Social and cultural beliefs, norms and conventions affect the way people view the severity of different traffic offences. Some of the traffic offences are considered less severe by a majority of people, whereas others are seen as more serious.
Speeding is an example of an offence that is often not considered a major breach of the law, even though speeding is said to be one of the most important causes of traffic mortality Corbett It is estimated that about lives could be saved in Sweden every year if everyone stopped exceeding the speed limits.Steps For Preventing Road Accidents Hindi, safety pictures,road safety rules, road safety campaign, road accidents,accident prevention,manual accident prevention, home osha accident prevention, accident prevention tips, accident prevention technology, accident prevention training, car accident prevention, injury prevention, american highway safety indian road safety taffic safety aashto.
Pavements (including any path along the side of a road) should be used if provided. Where possible, avoid being next to the kerb with your back to the traffic.
Below is an essay on "How to Reduce Traffic Accident" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. HOW TO REDUCE TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS Nowadays, the rate of road accidents keeps increasing in Malaysia.5/5(1). What to do at a road traffic accident.
It just might be that one day you are the first, or only, person to arrive at the scene of an accident, or you may be involved in an accident but uninjured.
Witnessing a car accident first-hand requires a calm, cool, and collected response under traumatic circumstances. Your course of action will largely depend on the severity of the crash and the extent of the injuries, but there are some general guidelines to keep in mind.