By Matthew Lynch on August 27, 9:
Adult education Students completing high school may choose to attend a college or university, which offer undergraduate degrees such as Associate's degrees or Bachelor's degrees baccalaureate.
Community college or junior college typically offer two-year associate degrees, although some community colleges offer a limited number of bachelor's degrees. Some community college students choose to transfer to a four-year institution to pursue a bachelor's degree.
Community colleges are generally publicly funded usually by local cities or counties and offer career certifications and part-time programs. Four-year institutions may be public or private colleges or universities.
Some counties and cities have established and funded four-year institutions. Some of these institutions, such as the City University of New Yorkare still operated by local governments.
Others such as the University of Louisville and Wichita State University are now operated as state universities. Private institutions are privately funded and there is a wide variety in size, focus, and operation. Some private institutions are large research universities, while others are small liberal arts colleges that concentrate on undergraduate education.
Some private universities are nonsectarian and secularwhile others are religiously-affiliated. While most private institutions are non-profit, a growing number in the past decade have been established as for-profit.
Curriculum varies widely depending on the institution. Typically, an undergraduate student will be able to select an academic "major" or concentrationwhich comprises the main or special subjects, and students may change their major one or more times. Some students, typically those with a bachelor's degree, may choose to continue on to graduate or professional schoolsometimes attached to a university.
Graduate degrees may be either master's degrees e. Programs range from full-time, evening and executive which allows for flexibility with students' schedules.
These include medicallawbusinesseducationdivinityartjournalismsocial workarchitectureand engineering schools.
Variations[ edit ] In K—12 education, sometimes students who receive failing grades are held back a year and repeat coursework in the hope of earning satisfactory scores on the second try.
High school graduates sometimes take a gap year before the first year of college, for travel, work, public service, or independent learning.
Many undergraduate college programs now commonly are five year programs. This is especially common in technical fields, such as engineering.
The five-year period often includes one or more periods of internship with an employer in the chosen field.
Many graduate students do not start professional schools immediately after finishing undergraduate studies, but work for a time while saving up money or deciding on a career direction. K—12 education[ edit ] Schooling is compulsory for all children in the United States, but the age range for which school attendance is required varies from state to state.
Some states allow students to leave school between 14—17 with parental permission, before finishing high school; other states require students to stay in school until age Most parents send their children to either a public or private institution.The Impact of Standardized Testing on Student Performance in the United States Stephanie Linden Standardized Testing 1 Education in the United States has continually evolved from the beginning of the public.
Among the world leaders in testing its students, the United States’ affection for standardized testing would make a lot more sense if we actually knew if it worked. Standardized testing is not a new phrase in education, it’s been around for quite some time and doesn’t seem to be going anywhere.
If you are teaching about assessment or Texas education policies, this lesson will provide a learning experience for students about the history of standardized testing in Texas. History of Standardized Testing in the United States.
ability to attempting to assess how well students were prepared for college brought to the forefront several critical issues related not only to testing but to the broader goals of American education; Harvard President Charles William Eliot proposes a cooperative system of.
A Sociological Perspective of the American Education System By Duskin Hobbs Advised by Christopher Bickel and discuss the future of education in the United States under the current system of learning and teaching.
4 standardized testing models. I will use this work to . Measuring Student Achievement: A Study of Standardized Testing and its Effect on Standardized testing is a central part, at all levels, of the current education process.
Universities use standardized tests to assist in selecting applicants. The Constitution of the United States makes no mention of education, which is.